A hypothesis test provides the statistical evidence to decide between two alternative hypotheses:
Null Hypothesis - usually implying that there is no observed difference or effect.
Proposed (or Alternative) Hypothesis - implying that there is a difference or that a measured value is greater than (or less than) some initial criterion.
We would normally
accept the Proposed (or Alternative) Hypothesis (and reject the Null Hypothesis) if the
p-value was less than (or equal to) the Significance Level,
α, i.e.
p ≤
α.
Select ALL of the following statements that are correct.
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